We study ferromagnetic Ising models on finite graphs with an inhomogeneous external field, where a subset of vertices is designated as the boundary. We show that the influence of boundary conditions on any given spin is maximised when the external field is identically 0. One corollary is that spin-spin correlations are maximised when the external field vanishes and the boundary condition is free, which proves a conjecture of Shlosman. In particular, the random field Ising model on $\mathbb Z^d$, $d\ge 3$, exhibits exponential decay of correlations in the entire high
temperature regime of the pure Ising model. Another corollary is that the pure Ising model in $d \ge 3$ satisfies the conjectured strong spatial mixing property in the entire high temperature regime. This is a joint work with Jian Ding and Rongfeng Sun.
Jian SONG is a Professor at Shandong University.
Seminar by the NYU-ECNU Institute of Mathematical Sciences at NYU Shanghai