Sze Chai Kwok

Associate Professor
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
School of Psychology and Cognitive Science
East China Normal University

Lab Website:

Sze Chai Kwok is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at East China Normal University. Professor Kwok studies the neural basis of memory using behavioural and neurosurgical methods on nonhuman primate and human neuroimaging. His recent works investigate the dissociable effects of top-down versus bottom-up attention on retrieval processes of episodic details. Prior to joining East China Normal University, he held a research fellow position at Santa Lucia Foundation in Rome, Italy (2009-2015), and obtained his doctorate from the University of Oxford, UK (2004-2008).

Research Interests

  • Cognitive neuroscience, memory, and attention

Journal Articles

  1. Zuo S, Wang L, Shin JH, Cai Y, Zhang B, Lee SW, Appiah K, Zhou Y-d, Kwok SC* (2020) Behavioral evidence for memory replay of video episodes in the macaqueeLife, 9: e54519. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.54519 (joint-first)
  2. Foudil S, Kwok SC*, Macaluso E (2020) Context-dependent coding of temporal distance between cinematic events in the human precuneusThe Journal of Neuroscience, 40(10), 2129-2138.
  3. The PRIMatE Data Exchange (PRIME-DE) Global Collaboration Workshop and Consortium. (…), Kwok SC, (…), et al. (2020) Accelerating the evolution of nonhuman primate neuroimagingNeuron, 105(4): 600-603.
  4. Rahnev D, Desender K, Lee ALF, Adler WT, Aguilar-Lleyda D, Akdoğan B, Arbuzova P, Atlas LY, Balcı F, Bang JW, Bègue I, Birney DP, Brady TF, Calder-Travis J, Chetverikov A, Clark TK, Davranche K, Denison RN, Dildine TC, Double KS, Duyan YA, Faivre N, Fallow K, Filevich E, Gajdos T, Gallagher RM, de Gardelle V, Gherman S, Haddara N, Hainguerlot M, Hsu TY, Hu X, Iturrate I, Jaquiery M, Kantner J, Koculak M, Konishi M, Koß C, Kvam PD, Kwok SC, Lebreton M, Lempert KM, Ming Lo C, Luo L, Maniscalco B, Martin A, Massoni S, Matthews J, Mazancieux A, Merfeld DM, O'Hora D, Palser ER, Paulewicz B, Pereira M, Peters C, Philiastides MG, Pfuhl G, Prieto F, Rausch M, Recht S, Reyes G, Rouault M, Sackur J, Sadeghi S, Samaha J, Seow TXF, Shekhar M, Sherman MT, Siedlecka M, Skóra Z, Song C, Soto D, Sun S, van Boxtel JJA, Wang S, Weidemann CT, Weindel G, Wierzchon M, Xu X, Ye Q, Yeon J, Zou F, Zylberberg A. (2020) The confidence databaseNature Human Behaviour, 4, 317-325.
  5. ManyPrimates, Altschul D, Beran MJ, Bohn M, Caspar KR, Fichtel C, Försterling M, Grebe NM, Hernandez-Aguilar A, Kwok SC, Llorente M, Motes-Rodrigo A, Proctor D, Sánchez-Amaro A, Simpson EA, Szabelska A, Taylor D, van der Mescht J, Völter CJ, Watzek J (2020) Collaborative open science as a way to reproducibility and new insights in primate cognition researchJapanese Psychological Review, 62(3), 205-220.
  6. Shen F, Chen X, Li J, Cao W, Ku Y, Wu J, Cui Y, Wang Z*, Wang*Kwok SC* (2019) Mnemonic vulnerability induced by post-activation time-dependent new-learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 164, 107047.
  7. Ye Q, Zou F, Dayan M, Lau H, Hu Y, Kwok SC* (2019) Individual susceptibility to TMS affirms the precuneal role in meta-memory upon recollection. Brain Structure and Function, 224(7), 2407-2419.
  8. Xu X, & Kwok SC (2019) Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory, Memory, 27:8, 1079-1090, doi: 10.1080/09658211.2019.1622734
  9. Kwok SC, Cai Y, Buckley MJ. Mnemonic introspection in macaques is dependent on dorsolateral prefrontal cortex but not orbitofrontal cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience. doi: 
  10. Berna F, Zou F, Danion JM, & Kwok SC (2018) Overconfidence in false autobiographical memories in patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.063
  11. Milham MP, Ai L, Koo B, […Kwok SC and 69 others] (2018) An open resource for non-human primate imagingNeuron, 100(1): 61-74
  12. Ye, Q.ǂ, Zou, F.ǂ, Lau, H., Hu, Y., & Kwok, S.C. (2018). Causal evidence for mnemonic metacognition in human precuneus. The Journal of Neuroscience, 38(28), 6379-6387. (ǂ joint-first)
  13. Kwok, S. C., Fantoni, C., Tamburini, L., Wang, L., & Gerbino W. (2018) A biphasic effect of cross-modal priming on visual shape recognition. Acta Psychologica, 183, 43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.12.013
  14. Kwok, S. C., Mitchell, A. S., & Buckley, M. J. (2015) [Epub 15 Jul 2015]Adaptability to changes in temporal structure is fornix dependent. Learning & Memory, 22, 354-359. doi: 10.1101/lm.038851.115 [2013 IF: 4.375]
  15. Kwok, S. C., & Macaluso, E. (2015) [Epub Apr 2015] Exogenous features versus prior experiences modulate different subregions of the right IPL during episodic memory retrieval. Scientific Reports [2013 IF: 5.078]
  16. Kwok, S. C., & Macaluso, E. (2015) [Epub 20 Apr 2015]Scale-invariance of temporal order discrimination using complex, naturalistic events. Cognition, 140, 111-121. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.04.007 [5-year IF: 5.088]
  17. Kwok, S. C., & Macaluso, E. (2015) [Epub 12 Mar 2015]Immediate memory for “when, where and what”: Short-delay retrieval using dynamic naturalistic material. Human Brain Mapping, doi: 10.1002/hbm.22787 [2013 IF: 6.924]
  18. Makovac, E., Kwok, S. C., & Gerbino, W. (2014) [Epub 13 Aug 2014] Attentional cueing by cross-modal congruency produces both facilitation and inhibition on short-term visual recognition. Acta Psychologica, 152, 75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.07.008 [5-year IF: 3.016]
  19. Kwok, S.C., Shallice, T., & Macaluso, E. (2014) [Epub 25 Mar 2014] Set-relevance determines the impact of distractors on episodic memory retrieval. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26 (9), 2070-2086. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00601 [2013 IF: 4.687] 
  20. Kwok, S.C. (2013) [Epub 20 Jun 2011] Where neuroimaging and lesion studies meet. Journal of Neuroimaging, 23 (1), 1-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6569.2011.00600.x [2011 IF: 1.509]
  21. Kwok, S.C., Shallice, T., & Macaluso, E. (2012) [Epub 2 Aug 2012] Functional anatomy of temporal organisation and domain-specificity of episodic memory retrieval. Neuropsychologia, 50 (12), 2943-2955. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.07.025 [2012 IF: 3.636]
  22. Kwok, S.C. (2010) [23 Sep 2010] Mood induction and unintentional learning in healthy subjects. WebmedCentral Psychology, 1 (9): WMC00717. doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2010.00717
  23. Kwok, S.C., & Buckley, M.J. (2010b) [Epub 15 Dec 2009] Long-term visuospatial retention unaffected by fornix transection.  Hippocampus, 20 (8), 889-893. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20733 [2010 IF: 4.609]
  24. Kwok, S.C., & Buckley, M.J. (2010a) [Epub 27 May 2009] Fornix transection selectively impairs fast learning of conditional visuospatial discriminations. Hippocampus, 20 (3), 413-422. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20643 [2010 IF: 4.609]
  25. Kwok, S.C., & Buckley, M.J. (2009) [Epub 20 Aug 2009]Fornix transected macaques make fewer perseverative errors than controls during the early stages of learning conditional visuovisual discriminations. Behavioural Brain Research, 205 (1), 207-213. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2009.08.016 [2010 IF: 3.393]
  26. Buckley, M.J., Mansouri, F.A., Hoda, H., Mahboubi, M., Browning, P.G.F., Kwok, S.C., Phillips, A., & Tanaka, K. (2009) [Epub 3 Jul 2009] Dissociable components of rule-guided behavior depend on distinct medial and prefrontal regions. Science, 325 (5936), 52-58. doi: 10.1126/science.1172377 [2010 IF: 29.747]
  27. Kwok, S.C., & Buckley, M.J. (2006) [Epub 15 Jun 2006]Fornix transection impairs exploration but not locomotion in ambulatory macaque monkeys. Hippocampus, 16 (8), 655-663. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20195 [2006 IF: 4.232]

Selected Grants

  1. 2018-2010: Joint Research Institute for Science and Society (JoRISS) Incubating Project 2017/4. “Memory for real-life events: how do contextual associations modulate high-order brain dynamics?”, Euro 20,000, PI w/ Patrice Abry (Lyon ENS); co-PI: Macaluso (Lyon1)
  2. 9/2016-8/2019: Humanities & Social Sciences Research Young Investigator Grant from Ministry of Education. “Neural basis of temporal order judgement of episodic memory”, CNY80,000, PI
  3. 7/2016-6/2017: Large instruments Open Foundation fund of ECNU (20161043), CNY30,000, PI
  4. 7/2016-6/2018: Shanghai Pujiang Talent Program Grant from STCSM (16PJ1402800). “Episodic memory cortical architecture: A comparative study of macaques and humans”, CNY200,000, PI
  5. 5/2016-4/2017: Peak Discipline Construction Project of Education grant from Faculty of Education at ECNU (Shanghai Municipal Education Commission). “Neurophysiological mechanism of episodic memory”, CNY80,000, PI
  6. 5/2016-4/2019: Natural Science Foundation Of Shanghai Grant from STCSM (16ZR1410200). “Functional fractionation of the inferior parietal lobule: Attention-to-memory”, CNY200,000, PI
  7. 1/2016-12/2016: PI grant from Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, STCSM. “Functional fractionation of the parietal cortex: Cross-species investigation using human fMRI and neurosurgical intervention in macaque”, CNY50,000, PI
  8. 12/2015-11/2017: Outstanding Young Talents Programme Grant, School of Psychology & Cognitive Science, ECNU, CNY144,000, PI